Luther Martin

Лютер Мартин (1483-1546), деятель Реформации, основатель лютеранской (протестантской) церкви, монах ордена августинцев, профессор теологии Виттенбергского университета. Осуществил перевод Нового (1521) и Ветхого (1534) заветов на немецкий язык с греческого и древнееврейского, что способствовало развитию общенемецкого литературного языка, т.к. точность перевода сочеталась с общедоступной языковой формой. Его "95 тезисов против индульгенций" стали отправной точкой Реформации в Германии. Его произведения "Малый катехизис" и "Большой катехизис" используются в евангелической церкви и в настоящее время практически в неизменённой форме. Творческое наследие Лютера включает также произведения дидактических жанров (басни, шпрухи) и духовные песни, которые отвечали задаче создания немецкой общинной протестантской песни. Памятники во многих городах – Вормсе, Виттенберге, Айслебене, Магдебурге, Дрездене и др. Музеи в Айслебене, где Лютер родился и умер, в Виттенберге, Айзенахе и др. Reformation, Nikolaikirche, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Thesentür an der Schlosskirche zu Wittenberg, Evangelisches Kirchenlied, Leipziger Disputation, Ablassthesen, Luther-Denkmal, Lutherrose, Luthers Hochzeit, Reformationsgeschichtliches Museum, Thomaskirche, Worms, Wartburg 1), Wittenberg, Eisleben, Eisenach, Magdeburg

Германия. Лингвострановедческий словарь. 2014.

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  • Luther, Martin — • Leader of the great religious revolt of the sixteenth century in Germany; born at Eisleben, 10 November, 1483; died at Eisleben, 18 February, 1546 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Luther, Martin      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Luther Martin — (* 9. Februar 1748 in Metuchen, New Jersey; † 8. Juli 1826 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und einer der Gründerväter der Vereinigten Staaten. Er weigerte sich, die Verfas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luther Martin — (February 9, 1748 ndash; July 8, 1826) was a politician and one of United States Founding Fathers, who refused to sign the Constitution because he felt it violated states rights. He was a leading Anti Federalist, along with Patrick Henry and… …   Wikipedia

  • LUTHER, MARTIN° — (1483–1546), German religious reformer. During the first period of his activity (approximately 1513–23), Luther often condemned the persecution of the Jews and recommended a more tolerant policy toward them, based on the spirit of true Christian… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Luther Martin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martin Luther (homonymie). Luther Martin (9 février 1748–8 juillet 1826) était un homme politique et l un des Pères fondateurs des États Unis, même s il refusa de signer la Constitution américaine en 1787. Luther …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luther, Martin — born Nov. 10, 1483, Eisleben, Saxony died Feb. 18, 1546, Eisleben German priest who sparked the Reformation. The son of a miner, he studied philosophy and law before entering an Augustinian monastery in 1505. He was ordained two years later and… …   Universalium

  • Luther, Martin — (1483–1546)    Founder of Protestantism and the Protestant Reformation. For much of his life, Martin Luther was concerned with the influence and action of evil and the DEVIL in the world. Luther was born on November 10, 1483, in Eiselben, Germany …   Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology

  • Luther, Martin — ( 14 8 3 1546 )    founder of the Protestant Reformation    By his 1517 appeal for debate on a set of issues faced by the Roman Catholic community in Germany, Augustinian monk Martin Luther inadvertently launched what would become Protestantism.… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Luther, Martin — (1483–1546)    Theologian and Denomination Founder.    Luther was born in Eisleben, Germany, and was educated at the University of Leipzig. According to his own account, he became a monk to fulfil a vow made in a terrified moment during a… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Luther, Martin — (1483 1546)    German religious reformer. His challenge to prevailing practices and doctrine precipitated the spiritual and social upheaval now known as the Protestant Reformation. Although in many respects he was a product of the scholastic… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Luther, Martin — (1483 1546)    A German monk, theologist, and university professor, probably best known for his role as church reformer, and as the founder of Protestantism. Luther suffered from many diseases and ailments, including fainting fits, vertigo, and… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

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